Archbishop's column

Before the Cross - Archbishop Robert J. Carlson's Column

'Before The Cross' by Archbishop Robert J. Carlson. Archbishop Carlson is the ninth Archbishop of Saint Louis. Listed below are the most recent columns written by Archbishop Carlson; click on the title to read the column. The Archdiocesan website has more information about Archbishop Robert J. Carlson.

'Be not afraid'


Two important feasts of the Blessed Virgin Mary take place during the Season of Advent: the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception (a holy day of obligation) on Dec. 8 and the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Mother of America and Star of the New Evangelization, on Dec. 12. Closely related to both feasts is the Memorial of St. Juan Diego, the messenger of Our Lady of Guadalupe, on Dec. 9, which will not be celebrated liturgically this year because it falls on the Second Sunday of Advent.

The celebration of these feast days of our Blessed Mother and of St. Juan Diego help us to enter more fully into the observance of the Season of Advent.

The Blessed Virgin Mary is our model in preparing for the celebration of Christmas by disposing our hearts to welcome our Lord more fully, both as He comes to us now in the Church and as He will come to us in glory on the Last Day. She is also our intercessor who asks our Lord to give us the special graces of Advent, by which our hearts are purified of whatever hinders both our Lord’s coming to us now and our preparation to meet Him when He will come in glory. A reflection on her feasts will help us to see how the Blessed Mother is both the model of our Advent observance and our intercessor for the strong graces of the Season of Advent in our lives.

The Immaculate Conception

On Dec. 8, we recall and celebrate how God preserved the Virgin Mary, from the very moment of her conception, from every stain of sin. In a mysterious and wonderful way, God permitted our Blessed Mother to receive, in anticipation, the grace of eternal salvation which her Divine Son would win for all mankind by His Passion and Death. In this way, the Virgin Mary was prepared to receive and fulfill her call to be the Mother of God; the Virgin Mary’s heart was totally pure from her conception and thus her womb was the fitting vessel in which God the Son could be received into the world. The purity of her heart is a sign to us of how our hearts must become pure, with the help of God’s grace, in order that we may welcome our Lord ever more fully into our lives and be ready to meet Him at His Final Coming.

Mary’s Immaculate Heart is filled with love of us who are called to be true sons and daughters of God in her Divine Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. When He was about to die on the Cross, Jesus gave us to His mother, as our mother, even as He entrusted her into our hands through the Apostle John. As our Blessed Mother was totally one in heart with our Lord Jesus in His saving mission, so she continues to exercise her maternal care for all who, through Baptism, have come to life in her Divine Son and, indeed, for all mankind for whom her Son died and rose from the dead and whom He desires to come to life in Him. Our Blessed Mother both teaches us the truth that God became man for our eternal salvation and leads us to experience the same truth through Christ’s love of us in the Church.

St. Juan Diego

On Dec. 9, we celebrate the Memorial of St. Juan Diego. Juan Diego was a native American of what is today Mexico, who had received the gift of faith and baptism through the ministry of the Spanish Franciscan friars.

On Dec. 9, 1531, the Feast of the Immaculate Conception at that time in the Spanish Empire, he was on his way to his parish church for the celebration of the feast. He had a somewhat long walk from the home of his elderly uncle, Juan Bernardino, to the parish church.

As he approached Tepeyac Hill, which was along the way, our Blessed Mother appeared to him and asked him to be her messenger in carrying out a special mission of love on behalf of his people and all the peoples of the American continent.

The mission was to have Bishop Juan de Zumarraga, OFM, first bishop of Mexico, build a chapel on Tepeyac Hill, in which she might show to all peoples God’s mercy and love in her Divine Son. In her appearance, our Blessed Mother was with child. She appeared to Juan Diego three more times and once to his ailing uncle to whom she brought healing and to whom she announced her name: the Perfect Virgin Holy Mary of Guadalupe (Handbook on Guadalupe, New Bedford, Maine: Franciscan Friars of the Immaculate, 2001, p. 204). At her fourth appearance, on Dec. 12, God miraculously supplied, through her, roses in the middle of winter and on a rocky and thorn-infested hill, as a sign of the truth of St. Juan Diego’s messages to the bishop. Through Our Lady, God also worked an even more wonderful miracle.

When she had arranged the flowers in the mantle (tilma or ayate) of Juan Diego, she instructed him not to show the flowers to anyone but the bishop. When Juan Diego unfolded his mantle and the most beautiful flowers cascaded before the bishop, the bishop witnessed a miracle which we continue to witness today. God imprinted the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe on Juan Diego’s cactus-cloth mantle. There is no human explanation of how the image is imprinted. The cactus-cloth mantle which should have disintegrated within thirty to forty years remains intact today, so that we can still gaze upon the image of Our Lady of Guadalupe who is, by a very special title, our mother in America.

Our Lady of Guadalupe

We celebrate the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe on Dec. 12, the day which marks both her last appearance to St. Juan Diego, with the miracle of the roses and of the sacred image, and her appearance to Juan Bernardino. On her feast day, the Mother of God invites us anew, as she has faithfully done since her appearances from Dec. 9 to 12 in 1531, to know the mystery of God’s mercy and love in our lives by coming to know and love her Divine Son. Her words to Juan Diego in 1531 are her words to us today:

Know, know for sure, my dearest, littlest, and youngest son, that I am the perfect and ever Virgin Holy Mary, Mother of the God of truth through Whom everything lives. ... I want very much to have a little house built here for me, in which I will show Him, I will exalt Him and make Him manifest. I will give Him to the people in all my personal love, in my compassion, in my help, in my protection: because I am truly your merciful Mother, yours and all the people who live united in this land and of all the other people of different ancestries, my lovers, who love me, those who seek me, those who trust in me (Handbook on Guadalupe, p. 194).

In her maternal love, Our Lady of Guadalupe wants, most of all, to show us how much God loves us in Jesus Christ, God the Son Incarnate in her womb. She draws our hearts, which are frequently beset by fear and doubt and sin, to her Immaculate Heart, so that we, with her, may place our hearts into the glorious pierced Heart of Jesus, the only source of our joy and peace, of our healing and strength.

In a very special way, the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe uncovers for us what the Coming of our Lord means for us in America. It is our Blessed Mother who teaches us how immeasurably God loves us, treasures every human life, without exception or boundary. She draws us to Jesus Christ, her Divine Son, so that, through our union of heart with His Sacred Heart, we may know directly in our lives, especially through the Holy Eucharist, the love of God and become, with her, bearers of God’s love to all our brothers and sisters, especially the most vulnerable and those in most need.


May the celebration of the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception and the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe draw us closer to Christ Who comes to us in the Church and Who will come to us in glory at the end of time. As we honor the Mother of God, let us make our hearts one with her Immaculate Heart, so that we, with her, may make our hearts one with the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

In a special way, may our celebration of the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception, the title under which the Blessed Virgin Mary is the patroness of our nation, and the Feast of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Mother of America and Star of the New Evangelization, inspire in us a new enthusiasm and a new energy to be the heralds of God’s mercy and love to all our brothers and sisters.

With the Mother of God, may we become ever more generous and tireless in safeguarding and fostering every human life, called into being by God out of His immense love and redeemed by the outpouring of the life of His only-begotten Son Who became man for us and for our eternal salvation. So may we, day by day, with the Mother of God, await faithfully the Coming of the Lord.

‘Be not afraid!’


The Season of Advent is, above all, a season of preparation by means of purification. The words of St. John the Baptist, which express his mission in the world, uncover the meaning of our Advent observance: "Prepare the way of the Lord, make His paths straight" (Matthew 3:3). Even as St. John the Baptist prepared the way of our Lord’s coming into the world in time, so, too, the four weeks of Advent are our preparation to welcome our Lord more completely into our lives now, so that we may be ready to welcome Him finally and fully on the day of His coming in glory at the end of time.

St. John the Baptist’s proximate preparation of our Lord’s coming brought to culmination the some 4,000 years of preparing, on the part of the People of God, for the coming of the Messiah, the Lord’s Anointed, which began with the Fall of Adam and Eve and God’s promise of the Savior (cf. Genesis 3:15). During the weeks of Advent, we unite ourselves to our brothers and sisters of the Chosen People who looked for and longed for the Messiah, the Savior. At the Sacred Liturgy, we will listen to the Word of God, given to us through the Prophets, by which God the Father inspired and nurtured the expectant hope of His people, until the day of the Incarnation of God the Son for our eternal salvation.

During Advent, we unite ourselves especially with the Blessed Virgin Mary, the finest flower of the People of God, whom God disposed from the moment of her conception to receive the Messiah in her womb at His coming in time. We ask her intercession, that we may imitate her purity of heart, making our hearts ever more disposed to receive Christ at His coming into our lives, especially in the Holy Eucharist.

Christ knocks at the door of our hearts

Dom Prosper Guranger, OSB, the renowned commentator on the Sacred Liturgy of the 19th century, writes about Advent with these words:

"Now, during the season of Advent, our Lord knocks at the door of all men’s hearts, at one time so forcibly that they must needs notice Him; at another, so softly that it requires attention to know that Jesus is asking admission. He comes to ask them if they have room for Him, for he wishes to be born in their house" (Dom Prosper Guranger, OSB, The Liturgical Year, Fitzwilliam, NH: Loreto Publications, 2000, Vol. 1, p. 37).

Advent is, indeed, a time of strong grace for the purifying and expanding of our hearts to welcome our Lord Jesus more fully into our lives.

Dom Guranger’s description of Advent recalls to mind the vision of St. John the Evangelist, in which our Lord speaks to the seven Churches of Asia Minor about His coming at the end of time.

Our Lord urges repentance of sin and the rekindling of His love in the heart. Yes, our Lord’s words understandably engender fear, what the Church calls "holy fear" or Fear of the Lord. It is the fear which awakens us to the ways in which we are living as if Christ had never come to us and which gets us on the road to changing our ways. It is not a fear which leads to despair, for our Lord Himself assures us:

"Behold, I stand at the door and knock; if any one hears my voice and opens the door, I will come into to him and eat with him, and he with me" (Revelation 3:20).

Our Lord stands ever knocking at the door of our hearts, sometimes in very dramatic ways but always in the usual ways by which He comes to us in the Church, thirsting for our love, desiring to take up His dwelling with us.

Purifying our hearts to receive the Lord

The practice of penance and, above all, the confession of our sins and their absolution by God’s grace in the Sacrament of Penance, are at the heart of our Advent preparation. How better can we prepare the way of our Lord into our hearts than by praying with greater fervor and by practicing acts of mortification by which our Lord frees our minds of distractions and our hearts of wrong affections!

Our Advent prayer and penance reach their fullness and, at the same time, are sustained by our regular meeting of our Lord in the Sacrament of Confession.

Through the confession of our sins, be they great or small, we purify and expand our hearts, so that Christ may dwell more fully within us. Through Christ’s absolution of our sins, He comes to dwell within us, helping us to take up the work of reparation, so that His mercy and love may take ever deeper root in our hearts.

A good confession of our sins, therefore, requires that a person confess "all the unconfessed grave sins he remembers after having carefully examined his conscience." Such a confession must be integral, in the sense that grave sins are confessed according to their kind and the number of times we have committed them.

To do less is to fail to confront our sinfulness with honesty and to seek the forgiveness of all the sins of which we are conscious.

One is not obliged to confess venial sins, but it is good to do so, for even small faults keep Christ from reigning fully in our hearts. Not paying attention to venial sins can also lead to more serious sins. "The confession of venial faults, without being necessary in itself, is nevertheless strongly recommended by the Church" (Catechism of the Catholic Church, no. 1493).


Christ comes knocking at the door of our hearts each day. He desires to make His home with us always. May we all draw upon the strong graces of the Advent Season, into which we will enter on this coming Sunday, so that our ears may be attuned to hear Christ knocking, and our minds and hearts may be disciplined to welcome Him ever more fully into our lives.

'Be not afraid!'


On Sunday, Dec. 2, we begin our annual observance of the Season of Advent. During the Season of Advent, the Church draws our attention to the most fundamental reality of our life: eternal salvation in Jesus Christ.

Advent draws our minds and hearts to the truth that God the Son has been made man, has taken our human nature, in order to: 1) save us from our sins and their fruit, eternal death; and 2) win for us the inheritance of true sons and daughters of God, that is, the inheritance of eternal life.

The all-glorious reality that captures our attention and inspires our wonder during the Season of Advent is the coming of Jesus Christ, God the Son Incarnate, into the world. The reality is greater than we can ever fully comprehend. Our annual observance of Advent keeps our eyes fixed on the truth that is fundamental to our everyday life in Christ, the truth that God the Son has come into the world and remains with us always in the Church, above all, in the sacraments.

If you wish some spiritual reading for the Season of Advent, I commend to you two books of Pope Benedict XVI: "God Is Near Us: The Eucharist, the Heart of Life" (Ignatius Press, 2003) and "The Blessing of Christmas" (Ignatius Press, 2007); and two books of the lay theologian John Saward: "Redeemer in the Womb" (Ignatius Press, 1993) and "Cradle of Redeeming Love: The Theology of the Christmas Mystery" (Ignatius Press, 2002).

A eucharistic season

Advent is, first of all, a eucharistic season. When we recall, with wonder, Christ’s coming into the world by His birth of Mary at Bethlehem, our hearts understand immediately the oneness of the manger, in which the Blessed Virgin Mary placed her Infant Son to rest, with the altar upon which our Lord comes down to be with us and the tabernacle in which he remains with us always. The glorious Body and Blood of Christ, which we receive in Holy Communion and adore in the Most Blessed Sacrament, first came into being in the womb of Mary and were first visible to the world in the manger at Bethlehem. Even as the neighborhood shepherds and kings from the various parts of the inhabited world came to worship the Infant Jesus at His Birth, so we, too, hasten to visit and adore our Lord Jesus, really present with us in the Most Blessed Sacrament. We should come before His Eucharistic Presence with the wonder of those who first beheld the Savior at His Birth.
The Advent Season is a special time for us to grow in faith in the Real Presence of Christ and, thereby, in faith in the Church which is His Mystical Body. How often we take for granted or, worse yet, neglect and ignore the manifold ways in which Christ Who was born in time at Christmas remains with us in the Church. May Advent be a time for us to be with our Lord Jesus through eucharistic adoration and visits to Him in the tabernacle; through meeting Him regularly in the Sacrament of Penance, in which He receives the confession of our sins and absolves us; through the study of His Word given to us in the Holy Scriptures and the magisterium; and through His presence with us in His "least brethren," the hungry and those in need of the basic requirements of life, the lonely and the imprisoned (cf. Matthew 25:31-46).

The season of our destiny

Advent is clearly also a time in which we grow in appreciation of our true destiny, the inheritance which is ours in Christ Who, by His Coming, has made us His true brothers and sisters. God the Son has loved us so much that He wishes to share with us the eternal glory, joy and peace which are always His with God the Father and God the Holy Spirit. As we contemplate the coming of Christ at Christmas and His abiding coming to us in the Church, above all, in the Holy Eucharist, we are filled with wonder at the great dignity which is ours, namely, to be truly, in Christ, sons and daughters of God, and, therefore, to share in Christ’s destiny, eternal glory in the Kingdom of Heaven.

The Advent Season brings us strong grace to view everything in our lives under the aspect of our final destiny, eternal life, that is, sub specie aeternitatis. With what greater care we approach even the simplest matters of our daily living, when we recognize that everything in our lives is meant to prepare us to welcome Christ at His Final Coming, His return to us in glory on the Last Day. With what greater wonder we will look upon the world, of which we are the stewards, when we are looking forward to its final transformation into "a new heaven and a new earth," at the end of time (Revelation 21:1).

If we have been tempted to discouragement or to doubt our own dignity, the Advent Season opens our eyes to see ourselves as we truly are. Yes, we are sinners and make mistakes, even big mistakes, in our lives but, through it all, God never ceases to look upon us with the immense love with which He always looks upon His only-begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. If we have betrayed our destiny, as surely we sometimes have done, God has never ceased to love us and to draw us to Himself and to our final destiny which is eternal life with Him. May Advent open our eyes to see how much God loves us and, therefore, with what humility and confidence we should meet the challenges of our daily life in Christ.


So often, I am filled with deepest gratitude for the ways in which our Lord instructs our minds and captures our hearts throughout the days of our life. Our life in the Church is truly life in Christ, that is, hearing Christ’s call and following Him along the daily path which brings us home to Heaven. Through the observance of Advent, we recognize more clearly Christ’s presence in our midst and His calling us to follow Him, to be one with Him.

Our Lord gives us the Season of Advent to open our eyes anew to His Coming at Christmas, His Coming in the Church, and His Coming on the Last Day. He gives us the Season of Advent to inspire and strengthen our hearts to welcome Him with love and to remain in His company always, until we are perfectly with Him forever in heaven.

May the Season of Advent be strong in grace for you, filling you with wonder and gratitude before the mystery of God’s unceasing and immeasurably great love of you in Jesus Christ.

‘Be not afraid!’


Next week, we celebrate Thanksgiving Day, one of the principal holidays of the year and a time for families to gather in celebration.Although Thanksgiving Day is a civic holiday, it was religious in its origins and remains for us always a religious celebration.Even as the Pilgrims desired to give thanks to God for the first harvest brought home in their newfound land, we want to give thanks to God for all of his many blessings given to us in our homeland which we love.

Thanksgiving defines for us our whole being.It is our response to God Who has first loved us and has given up His life for us, out of pure and selfless love.Reflecting upon the mystery of God’s love of us, we can only be filled with the deepest sentiments of gratitude toward Him and of love of Him, in return.The Catechism of the Catholic Church describes our moral life as "the acknowledgment and homage given to God and a worship of thanksgiving" (n. 2062).The Servant of God Father Solanus Casey, OFM Cap, expressed the truth about our life by his frequent pastoral counsel that we should be always thanking God "ahead of time" (Brother Leo Wollenweber, OFM Cap, Meet Solanus Casey: Spiritual Counselor and Wonder Worker, Ann Arbor, Michigan: Servant Publications, 2002, pp. 65-66).

Our highest act, our most perfect prayer, is the celebration of the Holy Eucharist.The very name, Eucharist, means action of thanksgiving.The Catechism of the Catholic Church declares regarding the Holy Eucharist:

"The Eucharist is a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Father, a blessing by which the Church expresses her gratitude to God for all His benefits, for all that He has accomplished through creation, redemption and sanctification. Eucharist means first of all ‘thanksgiving’" (n. 1360).

As the source and summit of our life in Christ, the Holy Eucharist inspires in us the habit of thanksgiving at all times.

Thanksgiving and the family

Be assured that you and your families will be remembered in my prayers, especially at Holy Mass, on Thanksgiving Day. I will be spending a few days with my family in Wisconsin during the week of Thanksgiving Day. As I thank God for all of His many blessings extended toward me, I will be remembering, with particular affection, you whom I am most blessed to serve.I will be asking God to bless your home with the unity and peace of the Holy Family of Nazareth.

When we pause to thank God for His many gifts, we thank Him, most of all, for the gifts of life and of our Catholic faith, gifts which come to us through the family.I hope that the celebration of Thanksgiving Day will be the occasion for all of us to express openly to one another, in the family, our gratitude for the gift of life and faith which we first received at home.May it also be a time to set aside hurts and to seek the reconciliation of differences in the family, so that we can more freely and fully thank God.

Although Thanksgiving Day is a civic holiday, it is also a day when Catholics naturally desire to participate in the Holy Eucharist, our greatest prayer of praise and thanksgiving to God.At the Holy Eucharist, we experience the source of family life in the love of God, which is unceasingly poured out upon us from the glorious pierced Heart of Jesus.Our Lord Jesus, Who offers us the gift of His Body and Blood through the Holy Eucharist, is the One Who binds husband and wife in marriage, so that they may be the image of His faithful and enduring love for us.

Christ, alive for us in the Church and, most of all, in the Holy Eucharist, gives to husband and wife the grace of parenthood, of procreating and educating new human life made in God’s own image and likeness.I hope that you will be able to participate in Mass on Thanksgiving Day to thank God for the gift of marriage and the family, which are the foundations of our individual lives and of the life of the Church and of all society.

Thanksgiving and the enthronement of the Royal Heart of Jesus

On the Sunday following Thanksgiving Day, we will celebrate the Solemnity of Christ the King, bringing to a conclusion the current Liturgical Year.The new image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in the Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis, which I dedicated and blessed on June 17, expresses the true meaning of the kingship of Christ.Christ rules from His glorious pierced Heart, receiving into His all-glorious Heart the hearts of all who call upon His Name and invoke His mercy.The Sacred Heart of Jesus is rightly also called the Royal Heart of Jesus.

The enthroned image of the Sacred Heart in our homes, our schools and other places of significant activity, reminds us, in a very practical and beautiful way, that our Lord Jesus, Whom we receive in Holy Communion, remains with us always and desires to be always in our company.He constantly thirsts for our souls, for our love.Christ the King is our dearest brother who tirelessly seeks only what is for our good and provides for us His own Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity as our greatest good, the Heavenly Bread of our earthly pilgrimage and the pledge of our future glory.

On Thanksgiving Day and on the Solemnity of Christ the King, be sure to give special honor to the image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, which you have enthroned in your home. Gather before the image of the pierced Heart of Jesus to recognize God’s manifold blessings in your life and in our world, and to offer Him your homage of praise and thanksgiving.If you have not yet enthroned the image of the Sacred Heart of Jesus in your home, what more fitting time to do so!Why not make the three days of preparation for the enthronement, beginning on Thanksgiving Day, and, then, joyfully and gratefully make the solemn enthronement on the Solemnity of Christ the King?You can obtain the booklet for the enthronement, which includes the details of the triduum of preparation and the ritual of enthronement, from the Office of Sacred Worship of the archdiocese.


Again, my best wishes for the celebration of Thanksgiving Day and the Solemnity of Christ the King.Please continue to pray for me that God will help me to be a good, faithful and generous shepherd of His flock.You will be in my prayers, as I thank God for calling me to serve you, His flock in the Archdiocese of St. Louis.In these days, let us pray with special fervor: Heart of Jesus, of Whose fullness we have all received, have mercy on us.

‘Be not afraid!’


The month of November is our annual time to celebrate, in various ways, our communion with the Saints in Heaven and the Poor Souls in Purgatory.The two liturgical celebrations with which the month begins concentrate our attention on our relationship with our brothers and sisters who have gone before us in the faith and have been called by our Lord from this life to the life which is to come.On Nov. 1, the Solemnity of All Saints, we recall all of our brothers and sisters who are with our Lord in Heaven and are awaiting the resurrection of the body on the last day.One saint, the Queen of All Saints, the Blessed Virgin Mary, does not need to await the resurrection of the body, for, in view of her vocation and mission of Mother of God, our Lord assumed her, body and soul, into Heaven at her death.We recall both those who are canonized saints, that is, those officially proclaimed by the Church to be saints, and the many saints who are not canonized but are with our Lord in His glory.

On Nov. 2, All Souls Day, we recall to mind all of our brothers and sisters who have died and are in Purgatory, being prepared to be admitted to the company of the saints.They depend upon our prayers, so that the temporal punishment due to their sins will be satisfied and they may enter the kingdom of Heaven.We call them "Poor Souls" because of the purification which they are undergoing, but they are indeed blessed souls because their purification is preparing them for Heaven.They, too, await the resurrection of the body on the last day.

The Communion of Saints

One of the most comforting realities of our life in the Church is the fellowship which we have with all of those who have gone before us in the life of the faith and are enjoying now the company of Christ in Heaven.Since all who have come to life in Christ through the Sacrament of Baptism are members of one Body of Christ, we are also brothers and sisters of the saints.

Our brothers and sisters who are saints in Heaven are both an example and encouragement for us, and, at the same time, because of their love of us, they intercede with God for our intentions.Our communion with them has a twofold sense.With them, we have communion in the holy things of the Church, especially the Most Blessed Sacrament.We also share the fellowship of true brothers and sisters of the holy ones of God (cf. Catechism of the Catholic Church, n. 948).

November is a good time for us to become better acquainted with our patron saints and with those saints who are intercessors for the special needs which we or others have.There are a number of recently published books which recount the lives of more recent saints and blesseds, and of saints and blesseds who are special patrons for us.The German author Ferdinand Holbock has written three volumes that have all been translated into English and published by Ignatius Press.They are: 1) "New Saints and Blessed of the Catholic Church 1979-1983"; 2) "New Saints and Blessed of the Catholic Church, 1984-1987"; and 3) "Married Saints and Blesseds through the Centuries."I recommend all three volumes.Ann Ball has written a wonderful two-volume book, published by Tan Books: "Modern Saints: Their Lives and Faces." John F. Fink has written "American Saints: Five Centuries of Heroic Sanctity on the American Continents," published by Alba House.If you are interested in knowing more about patron saints, Michael Freze, SFO, has written a helpful volume, published by Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Division and simply titled "Patron Saints."

Communion with the Poor Souls

Although we suffer the loss of the earthly presence of our brothers and sisters who have died, we remain spiritually united with them.As we have loved them during their days on earth, so we continue to love them.They, likewise, continue to express their love of us.

At the time of death, some of our brothers and sisters are already purified of their sins and go directly to be with our Lord in Heaven.Others, especially those who die suddenly, even though they "die in God’s grace and friendship" and "are assured of their eternal salvation," need to complete the purification of their sins (Catechism of the Catholic Church, n. 1030). There is a temporal punishment associated with our sins which derives from the "unhealthy attachment to creatures," which even venial sin always involves.Although our sins are forgiven when we confess them with true sorrow, a conversion or purification of all unhealthy attachments must take place in us before we are prepared to enter the company of Christ and all the saints.That need of conversion or purification is commonly called the "temporal punishment due to sin."It is not a matter of "vengeance inflicted by God" but of a total conversion to Christ, which overcomes all sin in our lives (Catechism of the Catholic Church, n. 1473).Through our prayers and Masses offered for the Poor Souls, we assist them in the purification of their sins.Our love of them inspires us to pray for them daily and to have Masses offered for them.

In his post-synodal apostolic exhortation "Sacramentum Caritatis," Pope Benedict XVI reminds us of the importance of prayer for the dead, which is inspired by our communion with our Lord in his Eucharistic Sacrifice:

"The eucharistic celebration, in which we proclaim that Christ has died and risen, and will come again, is a pledge of the future glory in which our bodies too will be glorified.Celebrating the memorial of our salvation strengthens our hope in the resurrection of the body and in the possibility of meeting once again, face to face, those who have gone before us marked with the sign of faith.In this context, I wish, together with the synod Fathers, to remind all the faithful of the importance of prayers for the dead, especially the offering of Mass for them, so that, once purified, they can come to the beatific vision of God" (Pope Benedict XVI, post-synodal apostolic exhortation Sacramentum Caritatis [On the Eucharist as the Source and Summit of the Church’s Life and Mission] Feb. 22, 2007, n. 32).

November is a time of grace for strengthening our bonds with the Poor Souls.It is a time for us to renew our practice of daily prayers for the dead, especially obtaining for them the plenary indulgence, and of having Masses offered for the deceased to whom we are bound by special bonds of love.


Recently, I have had the occasion to reflect more deeply upon our communion with the saints and the Poor Souls.My oldest brother, John, who had been suffering with Parkinson’s disease for the past several years and who also suffered severe heart difficulties, died suddenly on Oct. 19 from a massive heart attack.Although the sudden loss of his earthly presence has been painful for my family and me, we are much consoled that our Lord has called John to Himself.In a particular way, during the years of his illness, I observed how much John was growing in his love of the Holy Eucharist and in his devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary, especially by praying the Rosary.The faith and prayer life which our parents had taught us from the time when we were little became more and more his greatest treasure.Often enough, in the last years, he would comment to me that he was ready, whenever the Lord would come to take him home.My family and I thank God that he was able to prepare well for his dying.I trust that, with the help of the prayers and Masses offered for John’s eternal rest, he will be with Christ and the saints in Heaven.

I thank all of you who have offered prayers for my brother John and my family, and have had Masses offered for John. Your union with me in sympathy and prayer during these days, I know, is helping my brother John and is a source of so much consolation and strength for all of my family.May God bless and reward you.

May the days of November be days of strong grace for us, drawing us nearer, in love, to the Saints of God and to the Poor Souls in Purgatory.

‘Be not afraid!’


On this coming Sunday, Oct. 28, we will celebrate our annual Archdiocesan Respect Life Convention at the Adam’s Mark Hotel in Downtown St. Louis.It is an important time for all of us to gather new enthusiasm and new energy for our service of the Gospel of Life.The keynote speakers, the workshop presenters and the exhibitors will all provide excellent and timely inspiration and resources for our carrying out of the respect life apostolate in our homes, in our parishes and in the entire Archdiocese of St. Louis. The convention will conclude with the celebration of the Holy Mass at 5 p.m., at the Basilica of St. Louis, King of France (the Old Cathedral).The Respect Life Convention provides an exceptional opportunity to come to know better the apostolate on behalf of human life in the archdiocese and to be directly involved in the most fundamental and essential work of the Church, which is the protection and fostering of all human life from the moment of its inception to natural death.

Please plan to take part in the Respect Life Convention.The sacrifice which you will make to do so will be more than repaid in the enthusiasm and energy for living of the Gospel of Life, which you will find through your participation.I hope that you will be able to join me for the closing Mass at the Old Cathedral.
Cardinal Carberry’s plan for the apostolate
When the Supreme Court of our nation handed down its most gravely unjust decisions in the cases Roe vs. Wade and Doe vs. Bolton, on Jan. 22, 1973, Cardinal John Carberry organized immediately the Archdiocesan Pro-Life Committee to unite the faithful of the archdiocese in working to eliminate a terrible evil from our society.With wisdom, he outlined a fourfold approach in the apostolate to restore the respect for the inviolable dignity of human life in our nation.

Msgr., now Bishop, Edward J. O’Donnell was the first head of the Pro-Life Committee and set it upon good and solid foundations.Msgr., now Archbishop, Joseph F. Naumann succeeded him and gave outstanding leadership.Molly Corcoran Kertz succeeded Archbishop Naumann, giving dynamic and effective leadership to the Pro-Life Committee, until her recent retirement.During Kertz’s service, the name of the Pro-Life Committee was changed to Respect Life Apostolate. Christina Heddell is the new director of the Respect Life Apostolate.She is a most capable young woman with ample experience in the apostolate, notwithstanding her youth.

The story of the Respect Life Apostolate is one of the most outstanding chapters in the history of the Archdiocese of St. Louis.The manner in which the Respect Life Apostolate is organized in each parish and the dedication to the apostolate among the faithful of the archdiocese is well known and deeply respected in the whole nation.Serving the archdiocese for almost four full years already, I continue to be amazed and profoundly grateful for the continued and strong commitment to the work begun almost 35 years ago by Cardinal Carberry.

Spiritual initiatives

The first part of Cardinal Carberry’s fourfold plan for the Respect Life Apostolate is spiritual initiatives.From the beginning, the Pro-Life Committee, now known as the Respect Life Apostolate, was commissioned to undertake spiritual initiatives, that is, to promote prayer and sacrifice for the restoration of the respect for innocent and defenseless human life in our nation.Recognizing the intensity of the battle to be waged for life, an unabated intensity to which we are certainly witnesses, some 34 years later, Cardinal Carberry knew that the first and most important element of the apostolate must be prayer and penance, offered in love of the victims of procured abortion.

Last year, in the face of the fierce battle to prevent the approval of a proposed constitutional amendment guaranteeing the right to clone human life for the purposes of scientific experiment, the archdiocese launched the Rosary Crusade for the Protection of Embryonic Human Life.As you know, now the battleground has shifted.Now, we must work
steadfastly and tirelessly to repeal the constitutional amendment which was passed.I urge you to continue to pray the Rosary daily for the work of the Respect Life Apostolate, for the reversal of the decisions in Roe vs. Wade and Doe vs. Bolton, and the reversal of Amendment 2.

The Rosary is one of the most effective prayers in the Church.Many victories of the Church are connected to a crusade of praying the Rosary, for example, the Battle of Lepanto in 1571.It is my desire to renew publicly the Rosary Crusade in the archdiocese, during the next months.If you have remained faithful in praying the Rosary for the Protection of Embryonic Human Life, please continue the same.If you have not yet begun or have discontinued the praying of the Rosary, I ask you to begin praying, at least some decades of the Rosary, from today forward.Our Blessed Mother never fails to hear the pleas of her children, especially when they are on behalf of innocent and defenseless unborn human lives or the lives of those who are heavily burdened by advanced years, special needs or serious illness.


The second approach of the program to restore respect for the dignity of all human life is education.In 1973, there was the need to help the citizenry to understand that human life begins at the moment of conception and that, therefore, it is always and everywhere evil to destroy human life in the womb.

Now more than ever there is need of education regarding human life.

Through word games and through highly emotional appeals, the agents of the culture of death work to deceive the general public regarding the nature of procured abortion, human cloning, embryonic stem-cell research, assisted suicide and all of the other means of destroying innocent human life. Through the Respect Life Apostolate, may we all be renewed in our efforts to be accurately informed about the moral issues involved in safeguarding and promoting human life.Let us take the time to discover the truth and not blindly accept the deceptive presentations of much of the media and of the agents of the culture of death.

Pastoral assistance

Pastoral assistance is the concrete help that we give to anyone who is in a situation which tempts them to violate the inviolable dignity of innocent human life.I think, for instance, of the young woman facing a difficult pregnancy and being urged to procure an abortion to solve her difficulties.I think, too, of the profound guilt of those who have been involved in the procurement of an abortion.

The Church’s strong commitment to the Respect Life Apostolate would seem hypocritical if she did not, at the same time, extend a helping hand to all who are in difficulty.Thank God for the many reliable centers to help women and men who may be considering an abortion, so that they may make the decision for life.I think, for instance, of Birthright of St. Louis, Our Lady’s Inn and Catholic Charities, to name a few.

Public policy advocacy

The fourth and last element of the program is our call to public officials to seek the common good, first and foremost, by safeguarding innocent and defenseless human life.At the same time, we must not be timid, when we are in discussions with others, to speak the truth about human life and its inviolable dignity.

At present, the biggest challenge in the arena of public policy is to curtail the implementation of Amendment 2 and to promote new legislation to correct the most harmful deceptions that it contains.As you are well aware, the task is not easy.The Church continues to work with all persons of good will to see how best to carry forward the work of repealing Amendment 2.

What is most important now is to take part in the sessions to prepare those who will gather the signatures for a new constitutional amendment.It is not certain when the gathering of the signatures will be able to take place, but, when it is time, we need to have an army of volunteers ready to carry out the task of obtaining the requisite number of signatures to support a ballot initiative in support of human life.


Once again, I invite you to take part in the annual Archdiocesan Respect Life Convention on Sunday, Oct. 28. I ask you, above all, to pray for God’s blessing upon all of our work to restore the protection and promotion of human life in our day.Let us all be renewed in the fourfold approach to the Respect Life Apostolate, which was given to us by Cardinal Carberry: prayer, education, assistance and public advocacy.

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